Loose, spreading, multi-stemmed shrub with bright red stems that offer phenomenal winter interest. Small white flowers in spring become white berries in summer that are a food source for many bird species. Host plant for spring azure butterfly.
Bees, butterflies, flies, wasps, caterpillars
3 to 7
3 to 10 ft.
7 to 10 ft.
Partial Shade, Full Sun
Medium Soil, Wet Soil
Prefers consistantly moist soils. Tolerates wet soils. Spreads by suckering.
Care and Maintenance
Regular pruning to remove older stems and maintain a canopy of younger stems recommended. Annual pruning to remove up to 25 percent of older stems, or cut all stems to the ground every 2 to 3 years to maximize winter interest. Prune roots with spade to manage spread.
Pest and Diseases
Twig blight, scale and bagworms can be an issue.
Establishment and Propagation
Hardwood cuttings and seeds
Alternative Plant Selections
Illinois native; northern Illinois, central Illinois.